What it is deinstitutionalization?
Deinstitutionalization represents the process of replacing residential care with alternative services created to meet the needs of children and assert their rights. The institutions represent a superficial, expensive, inappropriate and generalized childcare alternative. Studies carried out in different countries have shown that institutions will never replace the family care nor can be a suitable model for children to have a harmonious development and achieve their full potential.
Why it is necessary?
- Children under 5 years old represent one of the most vulnerable age groups. The lack of attachment to any adult together with the sensory and emotional deprivation lead to delays in development which sometimes are difficult to recover;
- School-age children from institutions have a significantly lower school performance compared to children of the same age group; also, they are facing a higher risk for antisocial behavior, including giving up at school;
- Youth who graduate from residential institutions usually become dependent on a social system since they lack the skills to live independently. Their low self-esteem and identity problems increase the risk for abuse, exploitation, trafficking or antisocial behavior and do not allow for social re/integration;
- For children with special needs every day is important in their recovery. Any institution cannot ensure children’s recovery and quite often these children will live in an institution during their whole life.
Deinstitutionalization offers individual solutions, qualitative care and respect for each child. For these reasons, CCF/HHC Moldova is supporting the process of deinstitutionalization in the Republic of Moldova through the following actions:
- Preventing child’s institutionalization;
- Reintegrating children from institutions back with their biological/extended families or other alternative forms of family type protection;
- Creating alternative services for protecting children’s rights.
Since 2008 until now, CCF Moldova has contributed to the deinstitutionalization of 1504 children from different regions in Moldova and closed down 10 old-type institutions:
10 old-type institutions closed down:
2007 – 2009 – The orphanage from Cupcui village, Leova – 59 children
2010 – 2011 – The orphanage from Cernoleuca village, Dondușeni – 36 children
2010 – 2012 – The orphanage from Cupcini town, Edinet – 47 children
2011 – 2012 – The orhpanage from Sărata-Nouă village, Leova -114 children
2012 – 2014 – The orphanage from Țarigrad village, Drochia – 57 children
2014 – 2015 – The oprhanage from Grinăuți-Moldova village, Ocnita – 70 children
2015 – 2017 – The orhpanage from Costești village, Rascani – 83 children
2016 – 2017 – The institution for children with hearing disabilities, Bălți municipality – 19 children
2016 – 2017 – The orphanage from Balti municipality – 29 children
2017 – 2018 – The orphanage from Balti municipality – 14 children